Rutskoy, Aleksandr Vladimirovich


Rutskoy, Aleksandr Vladimirovich
(1947– )
   A veteran of the Soviet-Afghan War, Aleksandr Rutskoy’s war record included being shot down and interrogated by Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence and being offered the chance to defect by the United States Central Intelligence Agency. He was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union for his bravery, and was subsequently chosen by Boris Yeltsin as a running mate for the 1991 Russian presidential election. A strong supporter of ethnic Russians, he backed the independence of Transnistria and Crimea. He also railed against Yegor Gaydar’s economic reforms and Russian weakness in the wake of the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
   In part due to his unpredictable and populist methods, a rift soon developed between Rutskoy and Yeltsin. Following the Congress of People’s Deputies’ attempted “soft coup” against Yeltsin in March 1993, the relationship worsened, and in September, the president suspended Rutskoy from his duties as vice president over allegations of corruption. Defending Rutskoy, the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation declared the move unconstitutional, thus precipitating the constitutional crisis of 1993. Rutskoy, now a conspirator, assumed the role of acting president of the Russian Federation, and allied himself with Ruslan Khasbulatov.
   In the wake of the crisis, Rutskoy was arrested and imprisoned in Moscow’s Lefortovo prison until 26 February 1994 when he was granted amnesty by the newly formed State Duma. He subsequently founded the Derzhava (Great Power) political party. In 1996, he was elected governor of his home province, Kursk Oblast. He was banned from running for reelection in 2000 on a technicality, reportedly on the orders of Vladimir Putin.
   See also Politics.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alexander Rutskoy — Infobox Vice President name = Alexander Rutskoy Александр Владимирович Руцкой caption = Photo by Mikhail Evstafiev. order = Vice President of the RFSFR/Russian Federation term start = July 10, 1991 term end = October 4, 1993 president = Boris… …   Wikipedia

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium